Immigrants Have the Right to Receive U.S. Health Care

Illegal immigrants form a large and disputed group in many countries. Indeed, even the name is in dispute. People in this group are referred to as illegal immigrants, illegal aliens, irregular migrants, undocumented workers, or, in French, as sans papiers. Whatever they are called, their existence raises an important ethical question: Do societies have an ethical responsibility to provide health care for them and to promote their health?

Medical Care for Illegals Is an Ethical Question

This question often elicits two different answers. Some people-call them nationalists-say that the answer is obviously no. They argue that people who have no right to be in a country should not have rights to benefits in that country. Other people-call them humanists-say that the answer is obviously yes. They argue that all people should have access to health care. It’s a basic human right.

I think both these answers are off the mark. The first focuses too narrowly on what we owe people based on legal rules and formal citizenship. The other answer focuses too broadly, on what we owe people qua human beings. We need a perspective that is in between, that adequately responds to the phenomenon of illegal immigration and adequately reflects the complexity of moral thought. There may be important ethical distinctions, for example, among the following groups: U.S. citizens who lack health insurance, undocumented workers who lack health insurance in spite of working full time, medical visitors who fly to the United States as tourists in order to obtain care at public hospitals, foreign citizens who work abroad for subcontractors of American firms, and foreign citizens who live in impoverished countries. I believe that we-U.S. citizens-have ethical duties in all of these situations, but I see

important differences in what these duties demand and how they are to be explained.

In this paper, I want to focus on the situation of illegal immigrants. I will discuss several different answers to the question about what ethical responsibility we have to provide health care to illegal immigrants….

I believe that a sound ethical response to the question of illegal immigration requires some understanding of the work that illegal immigrants do. Most undocumented workers do the jobs that citizens often eschew. They do difficult and disagreeable work at low wages for small firms in the informal sector of the economy. In general, they have the worst jobs and work in the worst conditions in such sectors of the economy as agriculture, construction, manufacturing, and the food industry. They pick fruit, wash dishes, move dirt, sew clothes, clean toilets….

A Matter of Desert

The abstract ethical question of whether societies have a responsibility to provide health care for illegal immigrants sometimes becomes a concrete political issue. Rising health care costs, budget reduction programs, and feelings of resentment sometimes transform the ethical question into a political debate. This has happened several times in the United States. In 1996, the Congress debated and passed the “Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act.” This law made all immigrants ineligible for Medicaid, although it did allow the federal government to reimburse states for emergency treatment of illegal immigrants….

Although it is true that illegal aliens have violated a law by entering or remaining in the country, it is not clear what the moral implication of this point is. Nothing about access to health care follows from the mere fact that illegal aliens have violated a law. Many people break many different laws. Whether a violation of a law should disqualify people from public services probably depends on the nature and purpose of the services, the nature and the gravity of the violation, and many other matters.

Consider one example of a violation of the law. People sometimes break tax laws by working off the books. They do certain jobs for cash in order to avoid paying taxes or losing benefits. Moreover, this practice is probably well quite common. I recently asked students in two of my classes if they or anyone in their extended family had earned money that was not reported as taxable income. In one class, all but two students raised their hands. In the other class, every hand went up.

Identifying the Types of Sleeping Disorder

Sleep is one of the most essential ways to maintain a sound and normal health and lifestyle. Sleeping helps in keeping the body fit and healthy. However, sleep is not always normal for most people worldwide. In the United States alone, more than 50 million people suffer from different types of sleeping disorders every year. Although the number of sufferers continues to grow each year, medical experts and scientists do not really fully comprehend this type of physiological condition.

A normal amount of sleep varies according to a person’s needs, that also depend on a number of factors such as age. Babies are the ones who require the longest hours for sleeping, averaging from 16 to 18 hours of sleep. Adults, on the other hand, need seven to eight hours of sleep a day. According to the most recent sleep studies, adults who are over 60 years of age are the ones who are diagnosed to have sleeping disorders.

Today, there are nearly 70 types of sleeping disorders that are generally defined into three categories:

1. Disturbed sleep
2. Excessive sleep
3. Lack of sleep

Most sleep disorders are easily treated by means of various medical treatments if conditions are diagnosed correspondingly. Once a diagnosis is given by a doctor, the condition may be categorized either of the three types mentioned above.

1. Disturbed sleep

A disturbed sleeping condition is related to obstructive sleep apnea, which is known as an interrupted mode of breathing while an individual sleeps. This condition, which mostly triggers adults, may occur due to respiratory or neurological disorders. An individual diagnosed with this condition experiences loud snoring, thus, appearing that he or she is gasping for air. Apart from complications at the nasal passages, the obstructive sleep apnea may also occur due to obesity, alcoholism, and enlarged tonsils.

In sleep apnea, the sleeping cycle is disturbed or interrupted because the person needs to wake up at least 100 times each night to abate the muscles and resume breathing. As the amount of oxygen in the brain decreases, morning problems like headache may eventually occur. People who suffer from this sleep disorder are also susceptible to stroke and heart disease.

2. Excessive sleep

Narcolepsy is the most common condition under the excessive sleep disorder. In this condition, a person tends to have uncontrollable sleep patterns. The duration of abrupt sleep ranges from minutes to hours. Sleep attacks anytime, anywhere, thus, affecting an individual’s everyday activities, for he or she can fall asleep even while working.

Generally regarded as an inherited sleeping disorder, narcolepsy is also accounted to neurological and brain diseases. People who suffer from this sleeping disorder tend to tire easily and have hallucinations.

3. Lack of sleep

Insomnia is a common sleeping disorder that is defined as the inability to fall asleep. This condition is experienced by most individuals at some point in their lives. As insomnia significantly affects a person’s life, this condition generally results to stress, unbalanced diet, and emotional issues as sufferers worry and obsess about not getting enough amount of sleep.

Increase Your Cardio And Watch Your Ripped Abs Develop

A great way to get you back on track to your fat loss mission is not by doing hundreds of crunches and then expecting ripped abs. Cardio is a must to reduce excessive body fat. Interval
training will multiply your results. Cardio fat burning exercises will help you lose fat instead of just muscle and water weight – which is not something that will happen if you just go on a regular diet.
Cardio, too, will help kick up your metabolism. Avoid cardio-overdrive at all times, this is doing too much cardio training that prevents your body from recovering. Recovery is the name of the game.

Combined with a good weight training regimen and a low fat diet in just a few months you will notice great results. Weight training combines building muscle tone and working the cardiovascular
system as well. Plus it also helps your joints. Pick your favorite days to train your muscles, it is recommended that you do it every other day, remember to rest. As mentioned earlier give your
body ample time to recover and regenerate. Don’t workout if your are dead sore, simply wait a few days and go at it again. Tip for recovering fast: drink plenty of water and take a protein
shake before bed time.

Your cardio workouts such as Jogging, Swimming, soccer etc. should be done first thing in the morning for more effective metabolism boosts throught out your day for best results.
Don’t have to but I have personaly noticed dramatic differences in my energy levels, when I start the day with a nice 20min jog.

Weight training preserves muscle mass, and increases body posture as your body tones up. Far better to have stronger supporting muscles than weaker skinny ones. Weight training also has more
immediate benefits and results. Weight training is not only an important addition to any exercise program, it can also be fun.

Always make your workouts fun and enjoyable, never go in the gym with a bad attitude as later you may feel bad about yourself because you didn’t do what you said you would. Give your self a positive
pep talk before going in the gym and tell yourself you are worth have an incredible body. If you notice low energy levels through out your day, check your diet and get your zzz’s every night at
least 7 full uninterruped hours.

Hope it helps, remember, weight training is a process not an overnight deal. You must be consistent and listen to your body for clues. If you hurt, stop rest for a few days and reload with something
different. There is no magic workout or a secret pill that will make it happen, there is only you, get your ripped abs follow through and finish strong.

Indoor Air Purifiers – Bringing Fresh Air Indoors

Indoor air purifiers are becoming more necessary than ever as the number of pollutants in the air we breathe increases steadily. Despite the rising presence of smog and other contaminants in the outside world, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimate that the air we breathe outdoors is two to five times less polluted than the air we routinely inhale in our homes. Indoor air purifiers can help reduce this ratio and provide a home environment for your family that is safe and comfortable.

The air pollution findings reached by the EPA put a whole new meaning to going outdoors for a breath of fresh air. Our homes are our refuge from the world, and should represent a safe environment for our families. An indoor air purifier can help eliminate the dangerous particles and odors that permeate our homes, and help neutralize the harmful effects of these pollutants.

The type of indoor air purifier you choose will depend on any particular needs you might have, such as allergies or asthma, but choosing an indoor air cleaner that incorporates more than one technology increases the number of harmful substances that can be eliminated. Indoor air purifiers are extremely effective nowadays.

HEPA indoor air purifiers are one of the most reliable around, removing an estimated 99.97% of particles from the air. But even these high quality indoor air cleaners cannot fight against odors or chemical problems, which requires the use of activated carbon. Choosing an indoor air purifier that combines these features ensures that you are creating the best possible environment for your family’s continued wellbeing.

Industrial environments, such as clean rooms, require optimal air purification, and choosing a commercial air purifier for your home can ensure that your family inhabit a safe and clean environment. The air in your home is two to five times more polluted than in the smoggy outdoors – choosing a commercial air purifier will provide your home with the fresh, clean air you deserve.

Bring real fresh air to your home with an indoor air purifier, and invite the spirit of the great outdoors inside.

Indoor air purifiers are becoming more and more a necessary part of our modern life.